Introduction

 

A mosque or masjid, in Arabic, is often referred to as a place of worship for the Muslims and is associated with the ritual act of prayer or solat or salah to al mighty Allah. The mosque, as a structure, is also described as a religious building, built to serve Muslim men and women, the Ummah, not only as a place dedicated to ritual prayers but also as a centre of learning and a place to conduct various activities in sustaining the well-being of the community.

In the mosque, one can learn and experience the customs and traditions, which were passed down by the previous generations, in expressing one’s true beliefs and spiritual passion. These customs and traditions through practice may relate to how the mosque is customary used and one’s relationship with the mosque, as the house of Allah.

Mosques in both urban and rural areas, are built not only as a religious symbol nor a visual focal point. They serve the need for the five congregational daily prayers and the weekly Jumaat or Friday prayer to fulfil the practical and spiritual needs of the Islamic religion. In addition, a mosque is also a place that usually serves to balance one's everyday life. It is very common in majority Muslim communities to allocate a suitable area for a mosque within a township.

Stepping into the twenty-first century, it is timely to re-look and re-examine the role and functions played by the mosque in the local community and global context as a whole. Mosque of today must functioned as the ‘centre' of a community providing a place to conduct many Islamic obligations and daily activities from cradle to grave. A mosque should also be designed and functioned as ‘family-friendly’ centre providing supports for modern Muslim family lifestyle, including providing daycare for the children and elderly parents.

Through this conference, the papers presented will intellectually analyse and discuss the “practical and scientific” vision of the future architecture of mosques from the underlying function, design, technology and structures.

To achieve these objectives, two broad topics covering function, design, technology and structures are highlighted in this conference. These two topics are further scrutinised to variants of subtopics, which include:
i) future cities and communities,
ii) space and form
iii) innovations and technologies,
iv) green architecture and materials,
v) environmental and energy issues and
vi) universal design in mosque architecture.

Relevant research papers on the proposed topics are most welcome for further review by the scientific committee of the conference.